What is CLP?

The Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation aligns UK and EU regulations on the packaging of items that contain chemical mixtures. This article contains information on being CLP compliant.

Who needs to be CLP Compliant?

When selling products with chemical compositions, they must be clearly labelled within certain criteria to be CLP compliant. Therefore, all manufacturers of these products need to be CLP compliant.

This labelling should be clear and legible and follow a standard defined format.

What is CLP Compliant?

European Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures came into force on 20 January 2009 in all European Union (EU) Member States, including the UK. It is known by its abbreviated form, ‘the CLP Regulation’ or just ‘CLP’.

Where Did Becoming CLP Compliant Originate?

The EU CLP Regulation adopts the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of the classification and labelling of chemicals (GHS) across all EU countries, including the UK, when the UK was an EU Member State.

Is CLP Compliance Required by Law?

As GHS is a voluntary agreement rather than a law, it must be adopted through a suitable national or regional legal mechanism to ensure it becomes legally binding. That’s what the EU CLP Regulation does.

The EU CLP Regulation as amended is retained in GB law. These arrangements mean that Great Britain continues to adopt GHS, independently of the European Union.

How Was CLP Compliance Folded into UK Law after Brexit?

For GB CLP to operate fully and effectively in Great Britain, the EU CLP Regulation has been amended. This means there are changes to the requirements or allowances in existing processes and procedures.

What Does a CLP Compliant Label Need to Have?

CLP Product Identifier

Firstly, there should be a Product Identifier. This details the name of your product. Also, this can take the form of – or contain – SKU, batch numbers and so forth.

CLP Compliant Allergen Information

This details up to 4 allergen ingredients contained in your product.

CLP Signal Word

A signal word is based on the severity of the chemical mixtures in your product. There are two signal words “Danger” and “Warning”. “Warning” is the least severe signal word.

CLP Compliant Precautionary Statement

This statement contains corrective and preventative action instructions. For example, it might say “use goggles”, “avoid exposure”, “do not swallow” and so forth. There should be no more than 6 precautionary statements on your product.

You should not use positive statements such as “safe for X”, “good for the environment” and so forth as they are misleading and illegal.

CLP Compliant Hazard Pictograms

If your product contains hazardous chemicals, it should display a hazard pictogram. These should never be displayed in less than 1cm square (less than 2cm x 2cm) and only need to be affixed for products above 125ml or grams.

CLP Compliant Hazard Pictogram

This page contains information from the HSE used under the Open Government Licence.